Sam Database File Access Attempt

Sam Database File Access Attempt

Description

The following analytic identifies access to SAM, SYSTEM or SECURITY databases' within the file path of windows\system32\config using Windows Security EventCode 4663. This particular behavior is related to credential access, an attempt to either use a Shadow Copy or recent CVE-2021-36934 to access the SAM database. The Security Account Manager (SAM) is a database file in Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, 8.1 and 10 that stores users' passwords.

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Sam Database File Access Attempt Help

To successfully implement this search, you must ingest Windows Security Event logs and track event code 4663. For 4663, enable "Audit Object Access" in Group Policy. Then check the two boxes listed for both "Success" and "Failure."

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